YOUR PET & DESEXING | What to expect
Information provided by Furkids Veterinary Surgery ©
My pet is booked in to be desexed, now what?
It can often be daunting when your pet needs a procedure, requiring them to be anaesthetised. We hope that the information contained in this brochure will help to put your mind at ease. So much research has been done to ensure a safe induction, anaesthesia and recovery, and we would like to assure you that we follow Australian Veterinary guidelines & take all precautions necessary to ensure your furkid is in the best hands during their veterinary procedure.
Benefit of Desexing
Desexing is the only effective permanent method for preventing pregnancy in animals and provides important health benefits as well. Desexing surgery involves the removal of testicles of males, known as castration, or ‘neutering’ or the ovaries and uterus of females, known as ovariohysterectomy or ‘spaying’. Your pet will be desexed under general anaesthesia. As most animals undergoing desexing are young and healthy, complications are rare. In addition, the anaesthetic will be closely monitored throughout the procedure to ensure the safety of your pet.
There are so many important benefits associated with having your pet desexed.
✓ Reduction in risk of some malignant cancers in organs such as the testes, ovaries, cervix or uterus.
✓ Prevention of infection of the uterus, or ‘pyometra’, which is where the uterus fills with pus, common in older entire female dogs.
✓ Prevention of ‘false pregnancy syndrome’ in undesexed female dogs.
✓ Reduction in risk of some serious diseases, such as prostatic infection and perineal hernia in male dogs that haven’t been castrated.
✓ Reduction in territorial behaviours such as urine marking.
✓ Reduction in noisy calling behaviours.
✓ Reduction in anti-social behaviours.
✓ Reduction in wandering, which can lead to your pet being lost, harming native wildlife or being hit by a car.
✓ Prevention of costs associated with the assistance of birthing.
✓ Avoidance of costs associated with the serious medical diseases listed above.
✓ Desexing your pet also entitles you to a discount on your council pet registration fees, for the life of your animal.
Pre-Anaesthetic Blood Test
Your Veterinarian may recommend a pre-anaesthetic blood test, which is a comprehensive diagnostic tool, giving us same-day, real-time blood work results making us aware of any serious complications that may affect induction, anaesthesia & recovery. Like any anaesthetic, there may be risks, regardless of the animal’s physical health. A pre-anaesthetic blood test will help us ascertain any possibly risks, and we’ll adjust our treatment as necessary. We may also suggest that your pet receives surgical fluids, to help support their system throughout anaesthesia and recovery. We will discuss this if necessary, during admission. Feel free to ask any questions during this time.
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The Desexing Procedure
Pre-Anaesthetic examination: Your veterinarian or veterinary nurse will examine your pet to ensure they are physically well for their anaesthetic.
Pre-Medication: Your veterinarian will administer medication which provides pain relief for your pet’s surgery and reduces anxiety associated with being in hospital.
Anaesthetic: A general anaesthetic is important for surgical procedures to be completed safely on animals and eliminate any perception of pain.
Surgical Preparation: Prior to surgery, the hair around the surgical site is clipped and the skin in cleaned until sterile.
Surgical Procedure: In the case of male animals, both the testicles are removed via a skin incision. In female animals, an incision in made through the skin and the muscle of the belly. The reproductive organs are removed through this incision, which is then stitched closed.
Pain relief: Your veterinarian will administer an anti-inflammatory drug at the time of desexing to help minimise the discomfort from the procedure and reduce inflammation and swelling.
Tattoo: A permanent identification mark in your pet’s ear identifies that your pet has been desexed.
Additional procedures: It can be convenient while your pet is anaesthetised to complete other procedures which may be required. These may include:
✓ Repair of umbilical hernias
✓ Removal of ‘baby’ or deciduous teeth
✓ Dew claw removal
Your pet will continue to be monitored throughout the recovery process.
Generally, pets make a speedy recovery after routine surgery. At discharge, your veterinarian / veterinary nurse will provide detailed instructions on caring for your pet post-surgery however, here is a basic list of things to consider:
✓ Your pet will need to be moderately contained while recovering from their surgery, so consider somewhere that is clean, safe & dry that they can be kept while recovering, to reduce swelling & wound damage. Any excessive jumping, activity & excitement can increase the chances of these problems and may incur further costs for you if your pet needs antibiotics, re-suturing or treatment. It is also be recommended that you use an ‘elizabethan’ collar to minimise your pet biting or chewing at their surgical site.
✓ As your pet will have sutures, all bathing & swimming will be off limits until they are removed. This will limit the chance of infection.
✓ If you notice any swelling, redness or irritation around the surgical site, contact us immediately.
✓ Sutures will be removed in ten days post-surgery. An appointment time will be necessary, so speak to our staff about making an appropriate time that suits.
“It’s better to have my pet the way nature intended”
✓ Sexual hormones create behaviours in our pets that may be socially unacceptable, such as mating, urine marking and roaming. These are natural behaviours of entire animals and desexing may supress their desire for these behaviours
“My pet will gain weight after desexing”
✓ Animals that are not desexed may have slightly higher nutritional requirements than animals that have bene desexed. Managing their weight by feeding an appropriate amount for your pet, combined with appropriate exercise, will stop your pet from becoming overweight, and additionally may save you money in food expenses.
“It doesn’t matter when I get my pet desexed”
✓ Many of the benefits to desexing are maximised when performed at a certain age. Your veterinarian will factor in general desexing advise, breed-related considerations, and your pet’s individual circumstances to provide the best advice for you.
“Desexing will be too painful for my pet”
✓ Animals experience minimal discomfort undergoing a desexing procedure. This is because medication to control pain and anaesthetic medications are used throughout the surgery, and additional pain relief is provided afterwards.